Sunday, October 17, 2004

Reproduzido de Europe Factsheets, de www.Panda.org, de 26 de Abril de 2004

An SOS lynx report reveals that the Iberian lynx – which lives only in Spain and Portugal – is in an emergency situation. It is the world’s most endangered feline species.

Source: SOS Lynx: A report published today reveals that the Iberian lynx – which lives only in Spain and Portugal – is in an emergency situation. It is the world’s most endangered feline species and the few animals left may disappear within the next few years. This would be the first extinction of a big cat species since pre-historic times, and would be a terrible embarrassment to Europe and a watershed for nature conservation around the world.

The report adds that there is little time left to save the species because it is so close to extinction, and that a current conservation effort is still not very well developed. In particular, there is still no successful captive breeding programme and development and hunting pressures are not being adequately controlled to protect lynx and its habitat. The report was ordered by the vice-president of the European Parliament’s Intergroup on the Welfare and Conservation of Animals, Dr. Caroline Lucas, and is published by SOS Lynx. The 60-page document – entitled ‘The Iberian Lynx Emergency’, and launched in the European Parliament – reveals that: It is currently possible to confirm a wild population of only 135 animals, of which just 28 are breeding females Although there were more than fifty populations just over a decade ago, today there are just two breeding populations. Persecution of the lynx is such that average life expectancy may be as low as 5 years (the normal average is 13 years) and annual mortality rates the same as for its ‘cousin’, the American bobcat, an animal actively trapped for its fur. The last ‘viable’ population could now be seriously affected by a motorway proposal that will cut the 4-hour Madrid-Cordoba journey by just 19 minutes. The only other breeding population, in and around the Doñana National Park, is now no longer thought to be viable because it is too small and is expected to eventually become extinct, even without more human disturbance.


Notes:
1. Luis Suarez (WWF Spain): + 34 91 354 05 78 or lsuarez@wwf.es
2. for more information about the Iberian lynx, visit www.soslynx.org


20 Facts About the Iberian Lynx

1. The Iberian Lynx (Lynx Pardinus) is Europe’s only endemic wild cat species.
2. It is related to but separate from the Eurasian Lynx, the Canadian Lynx and American Bobcat.
3. The Iberian Lynx weighs up to 10 kg (females) or 13 kg (males) – occasionally more - and is up to 88cm (females) or 1metre (males) long when adult.
4. It is approximately the same size as the Canadian Lynx but about half the size of the Eurasian Lynx, which survives in central and eastern Europe.
5. The Iberian Lynx feeds mostly on wild rabbits. An adult lynx needs to eat on average one rabbit a day, but a mother raising young needs to catch about three.
6. The Iberian Lynx requires a habitat mosaic of scrub forest for shelter and open grassland for rabbit predation and supply, and generally lives between an altitude of 400m and 1300m.
7. Adult lynx live in territories of up to 20 km2, which they scent mark and defend from each other; though male and female territories may overlap.
8. In general Iberian Lynx are solitary animals: male and female lynx only live together immediately before and after mating, and the rearing of young is the sole responsibility of the female.
9. Female lynx give birth to up to four, but usually just three, cubs. Of these, usually only 1 or 2 survive to independence, depending on the availability of rabbits.
10. Cubs are raised in "nests", which may be inside old trees or caves, when and where available.
11. When young lynx are 8-23 months old they leave the protection of their mothers.
12. Male juvenile lynx disperse up to 30 km, whilst female juvenile lynx may inherit a territory from their mothers, or live in a neighbouring area.
13. When they have found a suitable area, and provided they survive long enough, young lynx will create their own territory, which they will seldom leave unless displaced by a rival.
14. Wild lynx can live up to 13 years.
15. Iberian Lynx pose no danger to livestock, and there have been no recorded cases of attacks on humans.
16. The Lynx was once abundant throughout Spain and Portugal, and even parts of Southern France, at least until the early 19th Century. However, over the last two hundred years there has been a rapid, and seemingly accelerating decline.
17. By 1914 lynx were confined to the southern half of Spain and Portugal, but were still abundant and constituted one large interconnected "meta-population".
18. By 1960 this distribution had contracted to around 3,000 individuals over 57,000 km2, still constituting one metapopulation.
19. By 1988, in Spain, this situation had deteriorated further to an estimated 880-1150 individuals, including 350 breeding females, spread across 48 populations, covering a range of 11,700 km2, and constituting 9 separated metapopulations. 20.
In Portugal, a survey in 1994 estimated around 40 to 50 animals spread across 2400 km2 in five populations, some linked with each other and with populations across the border in Spain.



Crias de Lince


Notícia de Publicaciones del Sur, S.A., 2004-08-31


Esta semana apareció una nueva hembra de lince ibérico en nuestra sierra En septiembre se decidirá su futuro tras una reunión entre la Junta y el Ministerio de Medio Ambiente

REDACCIóN • ANDúJAR Un nuevo cachorro de lince ibérico fue encontrado el pasado domingo en la Sierra de Andújar, lejos de su camada.

Tras un primer reconocimiento presentaba un buen estado, aunque con algunos arañazos en la cara.

En la misma noche del domingo, cuando fue encontrado el cachorro en nuestra Sierra, fue trasladado al Centro de Recuperación de Los Villares (Córdoba), dependiente de la Junta de Andalucía donde fue revisado en un primer momento por el equipo veterinario, quienes confirmaron su buen estado, y donde permanecerá algunos meses antes de que la comisión bilateral Junta-Ministerio decida sobre su próximo destino.

Los técnicos, por otra parte, decidieron su captura al encontrarse el animal alejado de la zona de distribución del lince en Andújar, muy al norte de su habitual núcleo de población y conservación dentro de nuestro Parque.

Los equipos de Medio Ambiente revisan ahora el entorno donde apareció el cachorro ante la posibilidad de que exista una hembra adulta con más cachorros en las proximidades.
En ese caso, se establecerían las medidas adecuadas para asentar a dicha camada y garantizar a la hembra que pueda sacar adelante al resto de cachorros con acciones de vigilancia, alimentación suplementaria, cámaras trampa, entre otras.

La colaboración del personal y propietarios de la finca Las Tapias-Valdelagrana la Nueva ha resultado crucial para poder llevar a cabo con total éxito esta actuación.

En la actualidad, en la provincia de Jaén, están vigentes una serie de convenios de colaboración con las principales fincas jiennenses, elevándose a un total de 160.000 las hectáreas de terreno en las que se actúa en la recuperación de este felino en peligro crítico de extinción, como consecuencia de los acuerdos suscritos entre la Consejería de Medio Ambiente de la Junta de Andalucía, propietarios de fincas o las sociedades de caza existentes en dichas zonas de implantación del citado felino.



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